Smart Regulation - is the name given to the government of Canada’s federal regulatory strategy. Key elements of “Smart Regulation” are:
An explicit commitment to limit Canadian regulations and to harmonize them with those of the U.S. regulatory system in order to integrate markets.
Further entrenchment of trade and commerce promotion as the primary consideration in regulation (and NOT health and safety protection).
A commitment to “seamless” harmonization of provincial and territorial regulations with federal regulations – with the likely outcome being regulations that are based on the lowest common denominator.
Protection for the regulator from liability for bad decisions.
Faster approvals as a new consideration and priority.
Increasing the onus on the regulator to prove the need for regulation to the industry, other departments, and cabinet.
Adoption of an even greater reliance on mechanisms such as voluntary measures and performance targets instead of enforceable standards.
Beyond Factory Farming signed onto the NGO Position Paper on Smart Regulation "Protection and Precaution: Canadian Priorities for Federal Regulatory Policy" (pdf 168k) which provides an excellent analysis and explains the implications of this approach to regulation.
Federal government documents:
- External Advisory Committee on Smart Regulation
- 1999 Federal Regulatory policy
- Agricultural Canada presentation on North American market integration
- Cabinet Directive on Streamlining Regulation - 2007
Other Smart Regulation information sources:
- Putting Canadians At Risk
How the federal government’s deregulation agenda threatens health and environmental standards, By Marc Lee and Bruce Campbell
- Canadian Environmental Law Association’s critique of the smart regulation report
- Bill C-28 + Smart Regulation = A nasty business
- Smart Regulation, Drugs, Health and Pharmaceuticals
- West Coast Environmental Law brief on Smart Regulation