The dairy industry is no exception when it comes to the trend of intensification and concentration. Over the past decade dairy farm numbers have rapidly declined from nearly 600 in 1981 to barely 300 in 2002, yet dairy remains the province’s biggest agricultural commodity (40% of total livestock production).

The dairy industry in the country is supply managed and is administered by the provincial marketing board. Quota is very expensive to obtain (upwards of $25,000 per head) and only those with quota may produce milk for commercial sale.

The majority of farms have a herd size of over 50 cows, with 30% having 80 or more.