A large-scale industrial site where many animals (generally chickens, turkeys, cattle, or pigs) are confined and may be treated with hormones and antibiotics to maximize growth and prevent disease. The animals produce much more waste than the surrounding land can handle. These operations are associated with various environmental hazards as well as cruelty to animals. The government calls these facilities Concentrated (or Confined) Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs), Confined Feeding Operations (CFOs), or Intensive Livestock Operations (ILO). Visit our Industrial vs Susutainable page for more information.